MUSLIMS AND CHRISTMAS DAYS – A PERFECT EXAMPLE OF PEACE AND TOLERANCE-
Narrated by Dr. Datuk Agung Sidayu MBA
Chairman of YPI Wira Tata Buana
Special Consultative Status in ECOSOC
Yesterday the Christians celebrated the anniversary of Jesus Christ, something they have done every year from time to time according to the Christian calendar, most Christians celebrate the religious significance of today. While some of them don’t even deny it,
We the Islamic Ummah certainly do not participate in celebrating, but it does not mean that we must oppose it, or just to wish Merry Christmas alone we must have an argument, even must convey the reasons as stated in the Quran as called by Ustahd Qures Shihab. I do not enter into the debate between allowing it and not, because saying congratulations will not make us Christians, because the pronunciation is only to encourage interfaith harmony exemplified by the Prophet Muhammad SAW, whom we love.
Let us look back, long before Islam developed, when the persecution of Muslims was out of control in Mecca, in the early days of Islam, our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) asked his followers (sahabah) to migrate (Hijrah) to Abyssinia (present time Ethiopia), in where King Negus (Al-Najasi) is a pious Christian leader who will not tolerate injustice. Habasyah- Abyssinia or Ethiopia is an important area for the development of Islam in the early stages. Because the country led by Al Malik Al-Najasyi has become a savior of the faith of a friend of Rasulullah SAW at the beginning of the Islamic development.
The story of the emigration – Hijrah – of the companions of the Prophet SAW to Habasyah was revealed in Sahih Al-Bukhari, citing an explanation from Umm Salamah, wife of Rasulullah SAW who also participated in the event of migrating to Habasyah. In the midst of tense night darkness, 11 men and five women of Rasulullah SAW’s friends settled down from Mecca. They came out of Mecca on foot to the beach. A boat floating in the Port of Shuaibah is ready to take them to a country to avoid the wrath and cruelty of the Quraysh infidels. The friends rented a boat for half a dinar, ” is written in the book Fathul Bari. The country they were headed to was named Habasyah – a kingdom on the continent of Africa. They went to the country on the orders of the Prophet.
After the beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) migrated to Medina and then developed into the head of the State, many Christian delegations went to visit. They are always well received by our beloved Prophet (PBUH). During one such visit, a messenger asked for a place to worship. Rasulullah SAW asked them to do it in the open. But Rasulullah SAW offered them to use the mosque. Our beloved Prophet Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was quoted as saying, “Do your Worship here at the mosque. It is a place sanctified by Allah SWT.”
In agreement with Najran Christians (a region between Hijaz and Yemen), our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has stated; “I will protect their religion and their Church wherever they are found, whether on earth or at sea, in the West or in the East, with utmost vigilance on my part, the People of my House, and the Muslim community as a whole. “. The agreed provisions were as follows:
“In the name of God, the Merciful, the Beneficent.
This is what Muhammad, the Prophet and God’s Messenger, has written down for the people of Najran when he has the authority over all their fruits, gold, silver, crops and slaves.
He has benevolently left them all that in return for 2,000 hullas every year, 1,000 to be given in the month of Rajab and 1,000 in the month of Safar. Each hulla is equal to one ounce [a measure equal to 4 dirhams].
The Najran are also required to provide accommodation and expenses for my messengers, for up to 20 days. None of my messengers shall be kept in Najran more than one month. They are also required to give, as a loan, 30 shields, 30 horses and 30 camels, in case of any disorder and treachery in Yemen.
If anything is lost of the shields, horses or camels they loan to my messenger, it will remain owing by my messenger until it is given back.
Peace Treaty Between the Prophet and the Christians – About Islam
Najran has the protection of God and the pledges of Muhammad, the Prophet, to protect their lives, faith, land, property, those who are absent and those who are present, and their clan and allies.
They need not change anything of their past customs. No right of theirs or their religion shall be altered. No bishop, monk or church guard shall be removed from his position.
Whatever they have is theirs, no matter how big or small. They are not held in suspicion and they shall suffer no vengeance killing. They are not required to be mobilized and no army shall trespass on their land.
If any of them, requests that any right of his should be given to him, justice shall be administered among them. He who takes usury on past loans is not under my protection. No person in Najran is answerable for an injustice committed by another.”
Once again, in the Covenant with Persian Christians, our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said; “There are no Christians who are brought by force to recognize Islam, and Muslims will reach Christians everywhere with good reason, protecting them from the oppressors’ pressure.”
Also in the Agreement with the Mount Sinai Monks, our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) stated; “If a monk or pilgrim seeks shelter, in a mountain or valley, in a cave or in a field, on a plain, in a desert, or in a church, I am behind them, defending them from every enemy; I, my helpers, all members of my religion, and all my followers, because they [monks and pilgrims] are my students and subordinates. “
It was about this time [after the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah] that the Prophet granted to the monks of the Monastery of St. Catherine, near Mount Sinai, his liberal charter by which they secured for the Christians noble and generous privileges and immunities.
He undertook himself and enjoined his followers, to protect the Christians, to defend their churches and the residences of their priests and to guard them from all injuries. They were not to be unfairly taxed; no bishop was to be driven out of his diocese; nor Christian was to be forced to reject his religion; no monk was to be expelled from his Monastery; no pilgrim was to be stopped from his pilgrimage; nor were the Christian churches to be pulled down for the sake of building mosques or houses for the Muslims.
Christian women married to Muslims were to enjoy their own religion and not to be subjected to compulsion or annoyance of any kind. If the Christians should stand in need of assistance for the repair of their churches or monasteries, or any other matter pertaining to their religion, the Muslims were to assist them. This was not to be considered as supporting their religion, but as simply rendering them assistance in special circumstances. Should the Muslims be engaged in hostilities with outside Christians, no Christian resident among the Muslims should be treated with contempt on account of his creed. The Prophet declared that any Muslim violating any clause of the charter should be regarded as a transgressor of Allah’s commandments, a violator of His testament and neglectful of His faith.
In the Medina Charter, our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) guaranteed equal rights and freedoms for Christians and Jews. “Christians are my citizens, and for God’s sake, I oppose everything that displeases them. There is no compulsion for them. There are no judges to exclude them from their work or monks from their monasteries. can destroy a house of their religion, to destroy it, or to bring anything from it to Muslim homes, Muslims must fight for them, their churches must be respected.
Therefore we must uphold what is taught by the Prophet Muhammad in this Medina Charter. That is why we must show the same hospitality as a form of implementation of the true teachings of the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
Rasulullah SAW showed us that Christians are not our enemies, but our brothers and sisters in humanity. Show them Islam is a religion of love, not hate.
Let’s eat with them, laugh with them, tell them what the Qur’an says about Jesus. Show them that you love Jesus more than they do.
Their food is permitted for all of us as written in the Qur’an, Al-Maaida (5: 5)
اليوم أحل لكم الطيبات وطعام الذين أوتوا الكتاب حل لكم وطعامكم حل لهم والمحصنات من المؤمنات والمحصنات من الذين أوتوا الكتاب من قبلكم إذا آتيتموهن أجورهن محصنين غير مسافحين ولا متخذي أخدان ومن يكفر بالإيمان فقد حبط عمله وهو في الآخرة من الخاسرين
“Today is (all) good things that are made lawful for you. The food of those who have received the Scriptures is lawful to you, and your food is lawful to them. Likewise the pious women of the faithful and godly women of those who receive the Scriptures before you (lawful for you) when you give them their part of marriage and live with them in honor, not in fornication, or take them as secret concubines. Whoever denies faith, works in vain and he will be among the losers in the afterlife “